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First Author: YANG Ye

Emerging contaminants such as antibiotic resistance bacteria (ARB) and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) are becoming a global environmental problem. In this study, the glow discharge plasma (GDP) was applied for degrading antibiotic resistant Escherichia coli (E. coli) with resistance genes (tetA, tetR, aphA) and transposase gene (tnpA) in 0.9% sterile saline. The results showed that GDP was able to inactivate the antibiotic resistant E. coli and remove the ARGs and reduce the risk of gene transfer. The levels of E. coli determined by 16S rRNA decreased by approximately 4.7 logs with 15 min of discharge treatment. Propidium monoazide - quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PMA-qPCR) tests demonstrated that the cellular structure of 4.8 more logs E. coli was destroyed in 15 min. The reduction of tetA, tetR, aphA, tnpA genes was increased to 5.8, 5.4, 5.3 and 5.5 logs with 30 min discharge treatment, respectively. The removal of ARGs from high salinity wastewater was also investigated. The total abundance of ARGs was reduced by 3.9 logs in 30 min. Scavenging tests indicated that hydroxyl radicals (·OH) was the most probable agents for bacteria inactivation and ARGs degradation. In addition, the active chlorine (Cl· and Cl2) which formed during the discharge may also contribute to the inactivation and degradation.

Contact the author: WANG Lei,YU Xin
Page Number: 126476
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PubYear: AUG 2020
Volume: 252
Publication Name: CHEMOSPHERE
The full text link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2020.126476