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First Author: Gad Mahmoud

Microeukaryotic communities are sensitive to environmental changes; and are considered essential for microbial food webs and biogeochemical cycles. Therefore, understanding the community responses of microeukaryotes to environmental changes is of great ecological significance. Very little is known about the assembly mechanisms underlying the microeukaryotic communities, especially for the key ecological groups (e.g., habitat generalists/specialists) in the riverine ecosystems. Here, we employed 18S rDNA amplicon sequencing to study the assembly processes governing the microeukaryotic communities and their habitat generalists and specialists across three hydrological seasons in a subtropical river in China. The results showed that deterministic and stochastic processes jointly shaped the microeukaryotic communities, where the relative importance of stochastic processes decreased in the following order: wet > normal > dry seasons. However, deterministic processes played more important role in shaping the microeukaryotic communities than those of prokaryotes. Meanwhile, stochastic and deterministic processes were responsible for structuring the microeukaryotic habitat generalists and specialists, respectively. Generally, the pure effects of physicochemical factors on the microeukaryotic communities and their key ecological groups were ~ 1.7 folds than those of the micropollutants. However, several micropollutants (e.g., acetaminophen, benzophenone-3, bisphenol A, sulfadiazine, triclocarban and triclosan) were found to have a strong effect on the habitat specialists. Altogether, we suggested that the ecological responses of the riverine microeukaryotes to micropollutants may vary among species due to the intrinsic differences in their environmental plasticity.

Contact the author: HU Anyi
Page Number: 141434
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PubYear: DEC 15 2020
Volume: 748
The full text link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.141434