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First Author: YE Guozhu

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon exposure accelerates the initiation and progression of lung cancer through aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) signaling. Metabolic reprogramming is a hallmark of cancer. However, how AHR reprograms metabolism related to the malignant transformation in of benzo[a]pyrene (BaP)-exposed lung cells remains unclear. After confirming that BaP exposure activated AHR signaling and relevant downstream factors and then promoted epithelial-mesenchymal transition, an untargeted metabolomics approach was employed to discover AHR-mediated metabolic reprogramming and potential therapeutic targets in BaP-exposed BEAS-2B cells. We found that 52 metabolites were significantly altered in BaP-exposed BEAS-2B cells and responsive to resveratrol (RSV) intervention. Pathway analysis revealed that 28 and 30 metabolic pathways were significantly altered in response to BaP exposure and RSV intervention, respectively. Notably, levels of most amino acids were significantly decreased, while those of most fatty acids were significantly increased in BaP-exposed BEAS-2B cells, and above changes were abolished by RSV intervention. Besides, levels of amino acids and fatty acids were highly correlated with those of many metabolites and AHR signaling upon BaP exposure and RSV intervention (the absolute values of Pearson correlation coefficients above 0.8). We further discovered a decrease in peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) A/G signaling and an increase in fatty acid import by the transporter FATP1 in BaP-exposed BEAS-2B cells. Furthermore, inhibition of AHR signaling by CH-223191 abolished BaP-induced repression of PPARA/G signaling and activation of FATP1 in BEAS-2B cells, demonstrating the regulatory role of AHR signaling in fatty acid accumulation via mediating PPARA/G-FATP1 signaling. These data suggested amino acid and fatty acid metabolism, AHR and PPAR-FATP1 signaling as potential therapeutic targets for intervening BaP-induced toxicity and related diseases. As far as we known, fatty acid accumulation and high correlations of AHR signaling with amino acid and fatty acid metabolism are novel phenomena discovered in BaP-exposed lung epithelial cells.

Contact the author: YE Guozhu,HUANG Qiansheng
Page Number: 144130
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PubYear: FEB 20 2021
Volume: 756
The full text link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.144130