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First Author: QIAO Zhihong

Urban regions are rapidly expanding worldwide resulting in biotic homogenization and loss of ecological functions in urban ecosystems due to management practices targeting at satisfying aesthetic and health demands of urban residents. These practices also modify living conditions and food recourses of soil invertebrates thereby affecting the structure and functional diversity of soil animal communities including collembolans. Here, we assessed the response of the community composition and functional diversity of collembolans as a major component of soil food webs to urbanization (suburban vs urban region) and greenspace types (including forest and four park-associated greenspaces: lawn, lawn with shrubs, lawn with trees, and lawn with shrubs and trees). Our results highlight that both urbanization and greenspace type significantly affect soil properties and community structure of collembolans. The negative effect of urbanization and park-associated greenspaces on species and functional composition of collembolan communities were likely due to both changes in soil abiotic conditions and bacterial community composition, whereas the reduction of collembolan functional traits likely resulted from changes in soil abiotic conditions and fungal community composition. In park-associated greenspaces richness and diversity of bacterial communities were highest in lawns with trees and lowest in forests. By contrast, species richness and diversity of fungal communities were highest in lawns with shrubs, but, similar to bacteria, lowest in forests. Community composition and functional traits of collembolans were more homogeneous in urban than suburban greenspaces pointing to reduced functioning of collembolan assemblages in urban areas. Overall, our results suggest that changes in soil properties and bacterial communities caused by urbanization and greenspace type are important factors contributing to taxonomic homogenization of collembolan communities, while the loss of functional traits of collembolan communities in urban greenspaces is likely caused by changes in soil properties and fungal community composition.


Contact the author: SUN Xin
Page Number: 116175
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PubYear: December 2022
Volume: 428
Publication Name: GEODERMA
The full text link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2022.116175